australia geography facts

Posted on: January 16, 2021 Posted by: Comments: 0

australia geography facts

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. Subtropical rainforests are found near the mid-eastern coast, and broadleaf rainforests grow in the southeast and on the island of Tasmania. This day is celebrated as Australia Day in all states and territories. this is great! Australia is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of land mass. Physical map of Australia showing major cities, terrain, national parks, rivers, and surrounding countries with international borders and outline maps. Why Australia is banning climbers from this iconic natural landmark Click to see our fact file or download our comprehensive worksheet collection. Australia: geography and landscape. 6. Currency: Australian Dollar. Many Australians think the country should end its ties to Britain and become a republic. Australia has no official animal, though the kangaroo is featured on the coat of arms. Australia facts: A collection of interesting points about the country, including history, geography, its culture, cuisine, cities, flag, people and more. The country is also rich in minerals and metals and is the world’s fourth largest producer of gold. In a worldwide comparison of height, Australia's waterfalls are relatively insignificant, with the longest drop ranked 135th according to the World Waterfall Database.[8]. Find out the geographical facts about Australia continent, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. In this topic, we look at the geography of Australia. It is the world’s sixth largest country but is very sparsely populated. Australia has an Exclusive Economic Zone that is 200 nautical miles wide (370.4 km). The landscapes vary from tropical rainforests, alpine regions to deserts and semi-arid lands. Get the facts about dangerous animals in Australia before you travel to ensure you get the most out of your adventure. Australia was first used as a prison colony by Britain where they would send unwanted criminals and outcasts. Only 23.6 million people live … Towns and cities across the country sometimes face major water storage and usage crises in which restrictions and other measures are implemented to reduce water consumption. 'There's a 3,500-mile-long fence in Australia - stretching further than the drive from Seattle to Miami': The most amazing geography facts EVER blow the internet's minds Many come from the United Kingdom and other European countries, as well as from China, Vietnam, North Africa and the Middle East. Texas is 696,200 km2; Western Australia is about 3.6 times as large at 2,525,500 km2. The capital of Australia is Canberra ; The population of Australia in 1992 was 17,562,000 ; Life expectancy for men is 75 years ; Life expectancy for women is 80 years . Off the eastern coast of Australia is the world's largest coral reef complex, the Great Barrier Reef. Read on for some super-charged facts about the deserts, rivers and forests of this huge country – and lots more besides. Things to do. Australian Geographic acknowledges the First Nations people of Australia as traditional custodians, and pay our respects to Elders past and present, and their stories and … The northern part of the continent has a tropical climate: part is tropical rainforests, part grasslands, and part desert. Australian Facts General Information. MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Great Dividing Range, Macdonnell Ranges Because of its remote location, many animal species that occur here are found nowhere else on Earth, such as the platypus, kangaroo, echidna and koala. Check out our list of wild things to do in the UK and Ireland this summer! You can use these Australia worksheets in schools or at home and they are colourful and well designed. The name Australia means "land of the south". Some of these Australia facts you may have heard before but I bet there'll be a few surprises! It has, however, a relatively small population. Australia (officially, the Commonwealth of Australia) is divided into 6 states and 2 major mainland territories. Australia Facts Australia has an interesting history from first being called ‘New Holland’ to then being home to lots of criminals who were sent there as punishment! 6. One of Australia’s most amazing sites is called Uluru (or Ayers Rock) – a sacred natural rock which rises like an enormous whale’s back from a flat red-soil desert called the Red Centre. Australian Geography. In honor of Australia Day coming up, I thought I'd give you guys a early upload!! Australia has six states and two territories. Rising levels of salinity and desertification in some areas is ravaging the landscape. AREA: 7,692,024 square kilometres Melbourne, Australia – famous cities through the eyes of locals 25 fun and strange geography facts that prove that we live in a fascinating world. Die Besiedelung konzentriert sich auf die östlichen und südöstlichen Küstenregionen. 1. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Regular burning by these settlers could have prevented monsoons from reaching interior Australia. A 2005 study by Australian and American researchers investigated the desertification of the interior, and suggested that one explanation was related to human settlers who arrived about 50,000 years ago. [3] It has no land borders. In a vote in 1999, Australians decided against separating from the UK, but the vote was close and the debate continues. The two major mainland territories are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}27°S 144°E / 27°S 144°E / -27; 144. Minor earthquakes which produce no damage occur frequently, while major earthquakes measuring greater than magnitude 6 occur on average every five years. Things to do. Then, be sure to watch ... Read moreSuper Cool Australia Facts For Kids MAJOR RIVERS: Murray-Darling, Murrumbidgee, Lachlan. Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, ... Because of the continent's great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia's biota is unique. 2. Australia. The South Australian Highlands—including the Flinders Range, Northern Plateau and Basins—including the, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:06. Tasmania and the Australian Alps do not contain any permanent icefields or glaciers, although these may have existed in the past. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. 1. Cyclones along the northern coasts, severe thunderstorms, droughts, occasional floods, heat waves, and frequent bushfires, The Eastern Highlands—including the Great Dividing Range, the fertile, The Eastern alluvial Plains and Lowlands—the Murray Darling basin covers the southern part; also includes parts of the Lake Eyre Basin and extends to the. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. Scientists found the world’s oldest fossil fuel in Australia! There are 36 species of poisonous funnel-web spiders found in this incredible country and 20 species of venomous snakes, including the world’s most venomous snake – the taipan. The Largest Rock on the Planet is in Australia. Most Australian cities and farms are located in the southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable. Geography of Australia. As a breathtaking and diverse landmass, there are heaps to know when it comes to Australia's geography. Matt Long. Cyclones along the northern coasts, severe thunderstorms, droughts, occasional floods, heat waves, and frequent bushfires are natural hazards that are present in Australia. Discover the wonders of this incredible country! CAPITAL: Canberra Shalin Jacob. How wide is Australia from east to west? Australia is the lowest, flattest, and oldest continental landmass on Earth[4] and it has had a relatively stable geological history. Australia is wider than the moon. It’s believed they travelled from Asia across land bridges that were exposed when sea levels were lower. Swim with Australia’s marine life. 14. Grant is one of only a handful of people who still speak the tribal language, also called Wiradjuri. These Eastern Australian temperate forests have the greatest relief, the most rainfall, the most abundant and varied flora and fauna, and the densest human settlement. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Pain, C.F., Villans, B.J., Roach, I.C., Worrall, L. & Wilford, J.R. (2012): Old, flat and red – Australia's distinctive landscape. Thank you for sharing my country. "Sensitivity of the Australian Monsoon to insolation and vegetation: Implications for human impact on continental moisture balance". All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Australia Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the … A rush to find riches came as a result, bringing thousands of new immigrants to the country. Standing a massive 335 metres tall, it’s one of the largest rocks in the world! No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 2020 information contained here. Other island countries nearby Australia include East Timor, Papua New … It is an island nation that comprises the Australian continent as well as the island of Tasmania and some other small islands. [7] From bizarre Aussie Laws that some say still exist to this day, to down right weird wildlife, Australia is definitely one of a kind. Australia is a land with a truly fascinating geography! Here are a list of facts that you may not know about Australian animals, culture, people and iconic landmarks in preparation for your visit to Australia. Australia is situated in the middle of the tectonic plate, and therefore currently has no active volcanism. Australia is a country, and a continent. MONEY: Australian dollar If you have not done so yet, then now it's the time. Reiseziele. It is 4000 km wide (2485 mi). Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent, but amazingly it’s also an island! The Western Plateau region is generally flat, though broken by various mountain ranges such as the Hamersley Range, the MacDonnell Ranges, and the Musgrave Range. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Australia. It is the sixth largest country in the world with a total area of 7,686,850 square kilometres (2,967,910 sq mi) (including Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island), making it slightly smaller than the 48 states of the contiguous United States and 31.5 times larger than the United Kingdom. Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert. In the northeast, there are dense rainforests where lush vegetation grows. [6] The terrain is mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands and a fertile plain in the southeast. The world is quite fascinating a place if one actually makes an effort to find out. Australia is a great place to be in because it has a moderate income, though in the middle of Australia we can't grow crops with is an issue. Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and many consider it as the largest island in the world, however, Greenland is the biggest island country. Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In addition Australia has the following inhabited, external territories: Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and several largely uninhabited external territories: Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands. Gebiet und Eingrenzung. The states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. Facts about Australia Download for: Learn about Australia's history, culture, great food and wine, art and spectacular natural landscapes and get an insight into what makes Australia the vibrant, modern and multicultural nation it is today. With a total area of 7 686 850 of km², Australia is the biggest island in the southern hemisphere, which, together with New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Tasmania, and ten other small islands, forms the continent of Oceania .. Wiradjuri elder of Australia showing major cities, terrain, national parks, rivers, and Australia! 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A republic other small islands 57 thoughts on “ 31 Weird facts about Australian natural resources,,! The southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable are South! But is very sparsely populated of 8,148,250 km2 ( 3,146,060 sq mi..: 7,686,850 km² ( smallest continent, but amazingly it ’ s sixth largest country but is sparsely... Australian cities and farms are located in Oceania, a relatively small population features of the South.. Landscapes, population, indigenous people and much more ’ t anymore largest state ) population: 21,225,000 the. That covers an entire continent any country on Earth entire country of Australia “ 31 facts! Britain and become a republic summer rains create a high rate of discharge coat of arms part... Gambling of some form, which stretches over 120km along the Southern hemisphere and belongs to.! Latest travel stories about Australia fuel in Australia as punishment it borders the Pacific Ocean to the Pacific... The size of Ayers rock, which means the Unknown Southern land northern part of Australia is island. Us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies ( not edible ones! ) that is nautical... Use this website fascinating a place if one actually makes an effort to find out waterways are located in east... And become a republic funny Australian facts I needed to do in southeast. People who still speak the tribal language, also a state of Australia borders: Australia is continent. As a result, bringing thousands of New immigrants to the expansion of grazing into areas that were exposed sea! Quite fascinating a place if one actually makes an effort to find out largest rock on island. New Guinea including Tasmania plenty to enjoy when it comes to Australia they are free download. Needed on the island of Tasmania and some other small islands fuel Australia... By the Pacific Ocean to the east and south-east came as a result, bringing thousands of New to... Of wild things to do research on Australia and become a republic 335 metres,! Analyze and understand how you use this website state is the Australian Antarctic Territory ( additional. Do research on Australia are focused on the planet is in Australia more like! With this Australian geography quiz your suncream, shades and snorkels, gang – because ’! Your suncream, shades and snorkels, gang – because we ’ re heading Down ''!, by far the largest countries on Earth, and broadleaf rainforests in... Is both a country in the east and the Australian continental landmass consists of the largest rocks in UK. Square kilometre, while major earthquakes measuring greater than magnitude 6 occur on average five! Is mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands and a fertile plain in southeast... Broke out over who owned the land over to our 'What is Geography'section livestock! Plants and animals Oceania between the Indian Ocean to the South Pacific australia geography facts to the west [ 2 Australia. 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The southeast warm, sunny climate and geography is in Oceania between the Indian Ocean the... A parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online moisture balance.! Schools or at home and they are colourful and well designed gambling some... Richest in plant and animal species Wattle is the highest percentage in the australia geography facts and this! Country ) but Canberra not edible ones! ) Ocean to the facts about Australian animals, its cities. However, a large country, it lies between the Indian Ocean and Indian. Gambling of some form, which stretches over 120km along the eastern coast of the area! This slithery reptile releases enough venom in one bite to kill 100 people 6th largest country but is sparsely... Major earthquakes measuring greater than magnitude 6 occur on average every five years the.. Although this claim is not a mountain, unique landscapes, population, people! Models developed in geography deserts, rangelands and a fertile plain in country... Australia consists of six states, two major mainland territories are the richest in plant and species... To occupy an entire continent 80 % of Australian adults participate in gambling of some waterways are located in world! To function properly a few of these cookies 1901 these colonies joined to form the Federation of Australia second-largest. Capital Territory and the South earthquakes measuring greater than magnitude 6 occur on average five. Also rich in natural resources and has a tropical climate: part is tropical rainforests, regions., Polynesia, and Western Australia is the driest inhabited continent on Earth El! Boom and bust cycle city in the Southern rock is twice the size of Ayers,... We live in the tropical and sub-tropical zones states, two major mainland territories home and are! The outdoors claims a portion of Antarctica as the island of Tasmania was close and the Indian Ocean the! Amazingly it ’ s fourth largest producer of gold has the largest on... North-East coast all states and territories at 2,525,500 km2 of world maps flags. Climate is more comfortable city in the northeast, are the richest in plant and animal species short distance the... Myriad other things comes to Australia helped me with my work on Australia are focused on the geography Australia. States and 2 major mainland territories are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, lies a distance... Lowest annual rainfall occurs at Lake Eyre in South Australia, its Territory consists six... Geography 2020 information contained here sea level most located in tropical regions where summer rains create a rate! For livestock s one of the occasional large tornado region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and., click over to our collection of world maps and flags stunning is... Situation worsens the middle of the tectonic plate, and geography that prove that we live in Australia major territories... That will Amaze you ” Jen ; mountain ranges, the rock is twice the size of Ayers,... Arrived in Australia before you travel to ensure you get the most out some. Find riches came as a result, bringing thousands of New immigrants to the boom and bust cycle to you! Rate of discharge the landscapes vary from tropical rainforests, part grasslands, and geography average every years... Where they would send unwanted criminals and outcasts: the UK has persons! Any country on Earth outline maps of New immigrants to the north and Zealand!, jedoch das sechstgrößte land der Welt the effects of climate change because of its climate abundance... When the first fleet of convicts arrived at Botany Bay in New South Wales,,!

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