johann pachelbel birth and death

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johann pachelbel birth and death

Only a few chamber music pieces by Pachelbel exist, although he might have composed many more, particularly while serving as court musician in Eisenach and Stuttgart. Baroque composer and organist known for "Canon in D" and for his contributions to the south German organ tradition. This is partly due to Lutheran religious practice where congregants sang the chorales. Johann Pachelbel baptised September 1, 1653 – buried March 9, 1706) was a German Baroque composer, organist and teacher, who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak. Pachelbel and his family rented an apartment from Johann Christian Bach the elder. Both Wecker and Schwemmer were trained by Johann Erasmus Kindermann, one of the founders of the Nuremberg musical tradition, himself a pupil of Johann Staden. Of the eleven extant motets, ten are scored for two four-part choruses. Pachelbel, Johann, 1653-1706. His late Nuremberg period saw the publication of Musikalische Ergötzung, a collection of chamber music, and, most importantly, Hexachordum Apollinis (Nuremberg, 1699), a set of six keyboard arias with variations. Dates of Birth and Death: Baptized 1 Sept 1653 (exact date of birth unknown) and died 3 March 1706 3. First Name Johann #4. The six chaconnes, together with Buxtehude's ostinato organ works, represent a shift from the older chaconne style: they completely abandon the dance idiom, introduce contrapuntal density, employ miscellaneous chorale improvisation techniques, and, most importantly, give the bass line much thematic significance for the development of the piece. Both are gentle free-flowing pieces featuring intricate passages in both hands with many accidentals, close to similar pieces by Girolamo Frescobaldi or Giovanni de Macque. He was formally released on August 15, 1690, receiving a testimonial in which his "diligence and faithfulness" were praised. Pachelbel composed six fantasias. The quality of the organs Pachelbel used also played a role: south German instruments were not, as a rule, as complex and as versatile as the north German ones, and Pachelbel's organs must have only had around 15-25 stops on two manuals (compare to Buxtehude's Marienkirche instrument with 52 stops, 15 of them in the pedal). "P" numbers for works are cited from: Jean M. Perreault, The Thematic Catalogue of the Musical Works of Johann Pachelbel Other cataloging systems As frequently with people of this era, the actual dates of birth and death are not known for certain. Of these, the five-part suite in G major (Partie a 5 in G major) is a variation suite, where each movement begins with a theme from the opening sonatina; like its four-part cousin (Partie a 4 in G major) and the third standalone suite (Partie a 4 in F-sharp minor) it updates the German suite model by using the latest French dances such as the gavotte or the ballet. One important feature found in Gott ist unser Zuversicht and Nun danket alle Gott is that their endings are four-part chorale settings reminiscent of Pachelbel's organ chorale model: the chorale, presented in long note values, is sung by the sopranos, while the six lower parts accompany with passages in shorter note values: The arias, aside from the two 1679 works discussed above, are usually scored for solo voice accompanied by several instruments; most were written for occasions such as weddings, birthdays, funerals and baptisms. Nationality: German 4. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_3',168,'0','0'])); Many of Pachelbel's toccatas explore a single melodic motif, and later works are written in a simple style in which two voices interact over sustained pedal notes, and said interaction—already much simpler than the virtuosic passages in earlier works—sometimes resorts to consecutive thirds, sixths or tenths. Interestingly, Partie a 4 in G major features no figuration for the lower part, which means that it wasn't a basso continuo and that, as Jean M. Perreault writes, "this work may well count as the first true string quartet, at least within the Germanophone domain."[5]. Ricercare in C major is probably an early work, mostly in three voices and employing the same kind of writing with consecutive thirds as seen in Pachelbel's toccatas (see below). Several catalogues are used, by Antoine Bouchard (POP numbers, organ works only), Jean M. Perreault (P numbers, currently the most complete catalogue; organized alphabetically), Hideo Tsukamoto (T numbers, L for lost works; organized thematically) and Kathryn Jane Welter (PC numbers). Pachelbel had got married to Barbara Gabler at the end of October 1681. He wrote more than two hundred pieces for the instrument, both liturgical and secular, and explored most of the genres that existed at the time. Pachelbel remained in Erfurt for 12 years and established his reputation as one of the leading German organ composers of the time during his stay. Nuremberg , Germany. He was greatly influenced by his German counterparts, including Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Kaspar Kerll. PACHELBEL, Johann (9/1/1653 - 3/9/1706) PACHELBEL, Wilhelm Hieronymus (8/29/1686) PADEREWSKI, Ignacy Jan (11/18/1860 - 6/29/1941) PADILLA, Juan Gutierrez de (c. 1590 - 1664) PAGANELLI, Giuseppe Antonio (3/6/1710 - 1763) PAGANINI, Niccolò (10/27/1782 - 5/27/1840) PAINE, John Knowles (1/9/1839 - … Margaretha was born on February 12 1779, in Brand. Dates of Birth & Death: September 1, 1653(Baptized) – March 9, 1706 (52 years old) 3. Pachelbel’s grave in Nuremberg. The Bach family was very well known in Erfurt (where virtually all organists would later be called "Bachs"), so Pachelbel's friendship with them continued here: Pachelbel became godfather to Johann Ambrosius' daughter, Johanna Juditha, and taught Johann Christoph Bach. Today, Pachelbel is best-known for his Canon in D major. Biography of Johann Pachelbel (excerpt) Johann Pachelbel (pronounced /ˈpækəlbɛl/, German IPA: , , or ) (September 1, 1653 – March 3, 1706) was a German Baroque composer, organist and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak. 5. Pachelbel was also a prolific vocal music composer: around a hundred works survive, including some 40 large-scale works. Most of Pachelbel's free fugues are in three or four voices, with the notable exception of two bicinia pieces that were probably intended for teaching purposes. 8), all are straightforward pieces, frequently in common time and all comparatively short - at an average tempo, most take around a minute and a half to play. This was Pachelbel's first published work and it is now partially lost. It is built on two contrasting themes (a slow chromatic pattern and a lively simplistic motif) which appear in their normal and inverted forms and concludes with both themes appearing simultaneously. Here's an example from Wenn mein Stündlein vorhanden ist: The piece begins with a chorale fugue (not shown here) that morphs into a four-part chorale setting which starts at bar 35. Nevertheless, Pachelbel's fugues display a tendency towards a more unified, subject-dependent structure which was to become the key element of late Baroque fugues; given the amount of fugues he composed and the extraordinary variety of subjects he used, Pachelbel is regarded as one of the key composers in the evolution of the form. 1950-2010. Pachelbel and his family rented an apartment from Johann Christian Bach the elder. Barbara and her husband had a son, Johann Georg, six months later, delivered by a midwife called Christina Bruck. When Georg Caspar Wecker, Pachelbel's former teacher and organist of the Church of Saint Sebald in Nuremberg, died on April 20, 1695, Nuremberg city authorities were so anxious to appoint Pachelbel—by then a celebrated native of the city—that they have sent Pachelbel an official invitation to take up the post at Saint Sebald (contrary to the usual practice of organizing an examination or inviting prominent organists of lesser churches to apply). Johann Pachelbel. Birth Month Day of 09-01 (Sorted by Death Date Ascending) 1-50 of 1,319 names. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',162,'0','0'])); Johann Mattheson, whose Grundlage einer Ehrenpforte (Hamburg, 1740) is one of the most important sources of information about Pachelbel's life, mentions that the young Pachelbel demonstrated exceptional musical and academic abilities. Or Buxtehude 's Opus 1 and Opus 2 chamber sonatas: STARmeter | A-Z | birth Date | Death 1. Baroque style went out of fashion during the eighteenth century, the subjects are extremely varied see... The Wikipedia article in accordance with new World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the article... Older brother, Johann Georg, six months later, delivered by midwife. 31 March 1685 [ O.S years to come faithfulness '' were praised a vocal! For playing johann pachelbel birth and death or more instruments organist in Gotha, which manifest in... 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